Pemodelan Tingkat Kriminalitas di Indonesia Menggunakan Analisis Geographically Weighted Panel Regression
Keywords:crime, GWPR, panel data regression, spatial heterogeneity
Crime is one of the socio-economic problems that Indonesia has not yet resolved. Although Indonesia is categorized as a safe country to visit, in reality, there are still many Indonesian people who experience crime. The resolution of this socio-economic problem is very important because it involves the safety and comfort of the community. This study aims to identify the factors that influence the crime rate in Indonesia and determine the best model for each province by comparing the panel data regression model and the Geographically Weighted Panel Regression (GWPR) model. This research data consists of 34 provinces in Indonesia from 2016 to 2020. The analysis used is panel data regression analysis and GWPR. The result is that the adaptive kernel gaussian GWPR is the best model with of 69,89% and AIC of 167,4585. The GWPR modeling produces model equations and significant variables for each province. In general, five variables have a significant effect on the crime rate, namely percentage of poor population, open unemployment rate, Gross Regional Domestic Product at the constant price per capita, human development index, and mean years of schooling.