Perbandingan ARIMA dan Artificial Neural Networks dalam Peramalan Jumlah Positif Covid-19 Di DKI Jakarta
Keywords:ANN, ARIMA, Covid-19, forecast
DKI Jakarta is the center of the spread of Covid-19. This is indicated by the higher cumulative number of Covid-19 positive in DKI Jakarta compared to other provinces. The high number of cases in DKI Jakarta is a concern for all groups, so it is necessary to do forecasting to predict the number of Covid-19 positive in the next period. Accurate forecasting is needed to get better results. This study compares the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) methods in predicting the number of Covid-19 positive in DKI Jakarta. Forecasting accuracy is calculated using the value of Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), and correlation. The results show that the best model for forecasting the number of Covid-19 positive in DKI Jakarta is ARIMA(0,1,1) with drift, with a MAPE value of 15.748, an RMSE of 268.808, and the correlation between the forecast value and the actual value of 0.845. Forecasting using ARIMA(0,1,1) with drift and BP(3,10,1) models produces the best forecast for the long forecasting period of the next six weeks.