PERBANDINGAN MODEL GARCH SIMETRIS DAN ASIMETRIS PADA DATA KURS HARIAN
Keywords:asymmetric GARCH, EGARCH, GJR-GARCH, return, volatility
ARCH and GARCH models are widely used in financial data to describe its volatility pattern. The models assume the positive and negative return residual gives the same or symmetric influence on its volatility. However, in reality, this assumption is frequently violated, which is called heteroscedasticity. Therefore, to deal with heteroscedasticity and asymmetric data, the asymmetric GARCH models, which are EGARCH and GJR-GARCH models are used. This research aims to compare the models between symmetric and asymmetric GARCH to make financial data modeling. It uses daily data on three foreign exchange rates for IDR including IDR/CNY, IDR/JPY, and IDR/USD. The data series to be used here are from January 4, 2016, to January 20, 2020. This research method is started by selecting the best mean model for each data. Based on the best mean model, then modeling the mean and variance function are simultaneously conducted using the GARCH model. To test whether there was an asymmetric effect on the data, a Lagrange multiplier test was applied on the residuals of the GARCH model. The results show that the asymmetric effect was found in the IDR/CNY and IDR/JPY exchange rates. To overcome this asymmetric effect, EGARCH and GJR-GARCH model were applied to the two exchange rates. Then the two models are compared to find out which volatility model is better. Using AIC and BIC we find EGARCH as the best model for IDR/CNY exchange rates daily return and GJR-GARCH as the best model for IDR/JPY exchange rates daily return.
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